Comparing Different Approaches to Regression Testing in QA


Regression testing, a crucial stage in the software development lifecycle, ensures that new code modifications don’t bring unforeseen flaws into an existing program. It entails retesting previously tested functionality to find and address any possible problems brought up by fresh updates. Regression testing has taken on a variety of forms as software projects have gotten faster and more sophisticated in an effort to speed up the process and preserve product quality. Let’s examine and contrast several methods of quality assurance (QA) regression testing.

1. Manual Regression Testing

The typical method for verifying software functioning following code changes is manual regression testing, which involves testers manually running test cases. To make sure everything still functions as intended, it requires reviewing the application’s functionality, UI components, and processes. Although time- and labor-intensive, this method offers a comprehensive analysis of the behavior of the application. It is appropriate for minor tasks or crucial sections that require great care.

2. Automated Regression Testing

Utilizing test scripts and automation technologies to run repeating test cases automatically is known as regression test automation, which is designed to re-run all the relevant tests to make sure there have been no regressions. Regression testing takes less time and effort with this strategy, thanks to its great efficiency. Automated tests may be run often and regularly to give quick feedback on how stable a program is. These automatic scripts can be resource-intensive to initially create and maintain, though. When utilized for routine operations, stable portions of the program, or significant projects, automated testing is very successful.

3. Partial Regression Testing

Only the portions of the application that are specifically impacted by code changes are tested during partial regression testing. Testing professionals use particular test cases that pertain to the altered code or other relevant regions rather than retesting the complete program. The use of this method ensures that no new problems have been caused by the code changes while saving time and money. To precisely pinpoint the afflicted sections, though, needs a thorough grasp of the application’s design and dependencies.

4. Selective Regression Testing

Selective regression testing entails carefully selecting test scenarios that are relevant to and may have an effect on the application. Prioritized test cases focus on high-risk and key functionality, while less crucial sections may be ignored.


This strategy achieves a compromise between effectiveness and coverage, enabling testers to concentrate on the most crucial features of the program. However, if certain locations aren’t chosen for testing, there’s a chance that flaws may go undetected.

5. Full Regression Testing

The word “full regression testing” refers to the practice of retesting a whole program following code modifications. This method assures complete coverage and prevents any hidden problems from developing as a result of interactions between various application components. Full regression testing may be time-consuming and may not be practical for big and complicated applications despite the high degree of assurance it provides.

6. Regression Testing Suites

A set of test cases that have been predetermined and are included in regression testing suites span a wide variety of application functionality. Every time there is a code change, these suites are run, guaranteeing that all crucial components of the program are rigorously tested. Since testers don’t have to choose test cases by hand for every change in the code, this method achieves a compromise between thorough coverage and effectiveness.

7. Continuous Regression Testing

Continuous integration/continuous delivery (CI/CD) pipelines are integrated with continuous regression testing. Automated regression tests are launched automatically each time new code is pushed to the repository. This strategy ensures the application is stable during development and helps identify problems early in the cycle. For teams that use agile approaches and need quick feedback, it works especially well.

8. Regression Test Suites Prioritization

This strategy includes classifying test cases according to their significance and possible influence on the application. The most important test cases are run first, then the less important ones. By doing this, it is made sure that areas of high importance are completely examined before moving on to regions of lesser priority. The testing process is optimized through test case prioritization, which also makes sure that resources are allocated where they are most required.

Regression testing strategies should be chosen based on a number of considerations, including the project’s size, scope, resources, and necessary testing pace.


While automated testing delivers efficiency at the cost of initial setup, manual regression testing is rigorous yet time-consuming. Time is saved through partial and selective regression testing, but a thorough grasp of the application’s architecture is necessary. Although it might be resource-intensive, full regression testing offers confidence. For thorough coverage, especially in agile contexts, regression testing suites and continuous regression testing are effective solutions. The ability to prioritize test cases enables resource optimization while preserving test quality.

The choice ultimately depends on the particular requirements of the project because each strategy has advantages and disadvantages of its own. QA teams may customize their regression testing strategy to ensure the delivery of high-quality software products while maximizing resources and effectiveness by carefully weighing these various techniques.

You May Also Like